The conditions under which broilers are housed and the way that they are managed during their growing phase, transportation and slaughter are set down in several government/industry endorsed Model Codes of Practice designed to safeguard their welfare.
Farm hygiene and biosecurity practices are implemented at both breeder and broiler farms to reduce the risk of disease agents moving on to farms from outside sources (e.g., wild bird populations or from other farms), the movement of disease agents between sheds on the same farm, carry-over of disease agents from one batch to the next in the shed environment, and carry-over of disease agents from breeding flocks to their progeny via the egg.
Keeping Flocks Healthy
Vaccination and farm hygiene and biosecurity are the most important strategies that the meat chicken industry adopts to keep flocks healthy. For poultry diseases caused by viruses, they are the only useful strategies. Increasingly, the emphasis in the industry’s flock health program is on prevention rather than treatment.
Caring for the Environment
Environmental Management Systems for Chicken Farms.
A National Environmental Management System (EMS) for the meat Chicken Industry has been developed and is being implemented to ensure meat chicken farms minimise their environmental impact (on land, surface water, groundwater, the community and air) while ensuring growers remain economically viable.